Nov 11, 2023

What is an Authentic Wai Kru in Muay Thai – Rajadamnern

History of Muay Thai Wai Kru, the tradition that pays homage to trainers and spirits. Uncover the rituals and gestures behind this ancient practice.

Wai kru mauy thai ritual

Beyond Muay Thai’s powerful strikes and precise techniques, lies a ritual of profound significance: the Muay Thai Wai Kru. This timeless tradition is a symbol of respect, lineage, and spiritual connection. The Wai Kru ceremony is far more than a prelude to combat; it is a heartfelt homage paid by fighters to their teachers, ancestors, and the art itself. 

As the article dives deeper into layers of this ceremonial dance, you will learn about the history of Muay Thai Wai Kru, the essence of its significance, and the purpose of the Wai Kru rituals that define Muay Thai and set it apart from any other combat sports.

What is Muay Thai Wai Kru?

The term “Wai” refers to the traditional Thai gesture of pressing one’s palms together in a prayer-like manner, often accompanied by a slight bow. This gesture is a mark of respect and is commonly used in various Thai customs. “Kru” translates to “teacher” in Thai. Thus, Wai Kru can be understood as the act of paying homage to one’s teachers, trainers, and the knowledge they impart. Its literal translation, “Respect to the Teacher,” holds the key to the profound significance of this Thai martial art ritual.

Fighters engage in the Wai Kru Ram Muay ceremony not only as a formality, but as a genuine expression of gratitude and respect which are fundamental pillars of the ritual. Just as fighters learn and refine their skills under the guidance of their mentors, Wai Kru dance becomes a symbolic gesture to acknowledge the role these individuals play in the fighter’s journey. Therefore, fighters demonstrate their humility, loyalty, and indebtedness to those who have shaped them as martial artists through the graceful movements and gestures of the Wai Kru ceremony. 

Now that we’ve learned about Wai Kru meaning, let’s dig deeper into the history of Wai Kru and the Wai Kru etiquette in the next sections. 

Wai Kru historical background

The roots of the traditional Muay Thai Wai Kru can be traced back to the ancient history of Thailand. Muay Thai itself has always been closely intertwined with Thai culture and way of life. 

In the early days, fighters often asked for blessings and protection from the monks before battles. This practice gradually evolved into the formalized ceremony known as Wai Kru, but as the practice of Muay Thai advanced from battlefield tactics to a sport and a form of entertainment, the spiritual aspects of Wai Kru remained an integral part, transitioning from a connection with spirits to a connection with teachers and trainers.

Over the centuries, Wai Kru has transformed from a pre-battle Muay Thai ritual to a timeless tradition embodying respect, gratitude, and cultural heritage. As Muay Thai gained popularity, the significance of Wai Kru extended beyond the ring. It became a means of instilling discipline, humility, and a strong moral foundation in fighters. This tradition plays a vital role in preserving the rich cultural heritage of Thailand. In a rapidly changing world, Wai Kru stands as a steadfast link to the past, a reminder of the values and principles that have guided generations of martial artists. As Muay Thai expanded its global reach, Wai Kru began to capture the fascination of practitioners and enthusiasts worldwide.

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Significance and Symbolism of Wai Kru

The Wai Kru ceremony is a captivating dance, rich in symbolism and deeply meaningful gestures that encompass the essence of respect, honor, and connection to the past. Let’s delve into the meaning of the symbolic gestures and their significance:

  1. Tep Phanom 

The “Tep Phanom Wai Kru” dance pays homage to the sacredness of the training grounds. It involves making offerings to the guardian spirits of the gym or training camp, seeking their blessings for protection and success.

  1. Pra Tom

“Pratom” means “the first” or “initial.” It is considered the first Wai Kru dance of the routines in which fighters raise each leg forward and bend their bodies down to pay respect to the teachers or trainers.

  1. Brahma

The name “Brahma” refers to a prominent deity associated with creation, knowledge, and wisdom. So, during the Brahma Wai Kru dance, fighters engage in movements that are intended to connect with the spiritual realm.

  1. Sod Soy MaLa

This dance is performed to pay respect to the four cardinal directions. During the Sod Soy MaLa Wai Kru dance, fighters perform a sequence of movements that involve raising their arms, offering gestures, and symbolic postures toward each of the four directions. 

As you can see, each movement in the Wai Kru dance is crafted to convey a sense of respect, gratitude, and dedication. By sequentially engaging in these symbolic gestures, fighters honor their lineage, mentors, and the very essence of Muay Thai. 

How Wai Kru Rituals are Performed [Step by Step]

Wai Kru is a special ritual in Muay Thai that goes beyond just a physical act. It’s a meaningful practice that pays homage to tradition, respects the present, and connects fighters to a deeper spiritual realm. Let’s walk through the different steps of this heartwarming ceremony:

1. Entering the Ring: When a fighter steps into the ring, it’s not just a casual stroll. They do it with a deep sense of dedication and respect for the sacred battleground.

2. Four Steps to the Corners: Next, the fighter takes four deliberate steps, and each step holds its unique meaning – gratitude and respect are at the core of each one.

3. Wai and Bow to the Ground: The Wai Kru performance begins with sitting dances, creating a captivating visual experience.

4. Acknowledging Ancestors and Spirits: There’s a moment in the ritual where the fighter raises their arms in a gesture of reverence. It’s a touching way of expressing gratitude to their ancestors and spirits for protection and guidance.

5. Final Gesture of Gratitude: As the dance comes to an end, the fighter offers a final wai, a gesture of appreciation for the privilege to train and compete.

Beyond the Wai Kru choreography, the ceremony is a deeply emotional and spiritual experience. It’s a moment when fighters connect with their roots, mentors, and the souls that have walked this path before them. The emotional weight of honoring teachers and ancestors is palpable throughout the ritual, a reminder that their guidance and sacrifices have paved the way for the fighter’s journey.

Wai Kru in Modern Times

In the modern era, Wai Kru cultural tradition continues to hold a central place in the world of Muay Thai. The essence of respect, gratitude, and spiritual connection remains intact, even as the dynamics of the sport evolve.

In traditional Muay Thai gyms and training camps, the Wai Kru ritual is upheld with reverence. Fighters, regardless of their skill level, engage in the dance to honor their trainers and teachers. Accordingly, traditional settings emphasize on preserving the authentic Wai Kru ceremony, ensuring that the deep cultural and spiritual significance endures.

Whereas, in contemporary Muay Thai arenas and competitions, the Wai Kru remains a remarkable prelude to the intensity of the fights. While the ritual may be adapted to fit the time constraints of events, the core principles of respect and gratitude are upheld. 

Buying Muay Thai tickets

Don’t miss the chance to be part of the Muay Thai spectacle at Rajadamnern Stadium. Secure your spot by purchasing tickets through Rajadamnern’s official website now. With a range of seating options catering to different preferences, from 3rd class to premium ring-side seats, ticket prices vary from 1200 baht to 4500 baht. 

Get ready to witness the captivating Wai Kru ceremony up close as well Muay Thai punches, kicks, knee strikes, elbow strikes, and more. Visit the website today and reserve your seat for an unforgettable experience in the heart of Muay Thai tradition.

Immerse Yourself in the Experience

Prepare to step into a world where tradition meets adrenaline. At Rajadamnern Stadium, you’ll be surrounded by the palpable energy of devoted fans, each eager to witness the heart-pounding clashes that define Muay Thai. The air vibrates with excitement as cultural performances set the stage.

As the sun sets and the arena lights illuminate the ring, you’ll be on the edge of your seat as the matches unfold. The fighters’ prowess, agility, and skill come to life. From the intense clashes to the sacred Wai Kru ceremonies, Rajadamnern Stadium offers a once-in-a-lifetime Muay Thai experience you don’t want to miss.


The Muay Thai Wai Kru stands as a bridge between the ancient heritage of Thai culture and the dynamic world of martial arts. It’s a profound expression of respect, gratitude, and spiritual connection. With each movement, fighters pay homage to their teachers, mentors, ancestors, and the essence of Muay Thai. Moreover, Wai Kru displays the values of discipline, humility, and unity that are at the core of both Muay Thai culture.

Witness the fusion of physical skill and spiritual depth with your own eye. Join us in Rajadamnern stadium to celebrate Muay Thai and its cherished Wai Kru ceremony, where the past, present, and future converge in a breathtaking display of respect and honor.

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